Anaconda is a Python distribution which is open-source that aims to simplify package management and deployment. Using Anaconda adding and managing virtual environments is easy and quick and does not require terminal know-how. Although if the user wanted to, with a click of a button he could open a terminal into the environment he created.
Anaconda is a simple way to deploy machine learning projects as well as python editors such as Jupyter Notebook. Learning Artificial Intelligence using TensorFlow and Keras is easy and can be done with a few clicks. Lets get started;
Open a terminal window in your Ubuntu system; then enter the following code, the Anaconda installer is more than 600MB so this might take awhile depending on your internet speed.
sudo wget https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-2019.03-Linux-x86_64.sh
sudo chmod +x Anaconda3-2019.03-Linux-x86_64.sh
Press Enter to continue;
You will be given the license agreement to read; scroll down to the end and when you are done, type “yes” and then press Enter to continue. Next, you will be greeted with the option to specify where would you like Anaconda to be installed into; The default option is fine. Press Enter to continue;
Now the installer will begin installing Anaconda and when it is done press Enter to finalize the installation; Restart the terminal window to be able to launch Anaconda. Once the terminal has restarted you will be able to launch the Anaconda Graphical User Interface by typing “anaconda-navigator” into the terminal.
There is a much easier way to launch the Anaconda Navigator, and that is by creating a shortcut for it; you can do so by create a .desktop file. Enter the following into the terminal;
sudo nano /usr/share/applications/Anaconda.desktop
Then add the following code into the file; Change your username below,
[Desktop Entry] Version=1.0 Type=Application Name=Anaconda GenericName=Anaconda Exec=bash -c 'export PATH="/home/username/anaconda3/bin:$PATH" && /home/username/anaconda3/bin/anaconda-navigator' Icon=/home/username/anaconda3/lib/python3.7/site-packages/anaconda_navigator/static/images/anaconda-icon-256x256.png Terminal=false StartupNotify=true MimeType=text/x-python;
Save and exit out of the file by pressing “Ctrl + O” and then “Enter” to save followed by “Ctrl + X” to exit out of the file. Now log out and log back into Ubuntu and the launcher will appear into your applications menu.
Note: Right click on the launcher shortcut and you will have the option to add it to your dock.
Now you can explore Anaconda and create environments and install whatever packages you wish; Happy hunting and good luck.