A brief intro into Linux;
Linux is an amazing operating system that I wholeheartedly recommend to anyone who isn’t tied down to the windows operating system. Linux distros have come a long way in recent years and can do almost everything that ‘Windows’ can and has many advantages over windows.
Kali is an operating system based on Debian that is used by security experts called penetration testers to test the security of hardened systems. Kali comes with an extensive list of tools that you can use to test how secure your server is, ranging from testing anti-virus software to social engineering attacks and malware.
This operating system is for intermediate to advance users and while it does come with the Gnome Desktop Environment, most of its features will require you to be proficient in the use of the terminal. Don’t let that scare you, the terminal is often easier and quicker than graphical user interfaces.
Let’s get started;
Step 1: Create a USB installer
First thing is first, you are going to need to boot into a USB installer to start the installation process. This involves two parts; first, download a copy of Kali 2019.1a from their Official Website.
Then download Rufus which is the tool you will need to create your USB installer with a few simple clicks. Click here to download the version 3.5 of Rufus or go to Rufus.ie and download the latest version.
Step 2: Boot to the USB drive
Make sure you recently created USB installer is plugged into the computer you would like to install Kali into then power it on and as it boots continuously tap either the F10 or F12 (depends on your computer) function key on your keyboard to enter the boot menu then choose your USB drive to boot into.
Step 3: Start the installation
The Kali USB installer like many Linux distro’s come with a version of the operating system already installed on the USB drive called “live USB”. This gives you the chance to try it out but do keep in mind that any changes you make will not be saved and the drive will reset to factory defaults when you reboot.
Move down to “Start Installer” to get started;
Pick your desired language then click continue;
Next pick your location before you continue;
Step 4: Choose some options
Enter your desired hostname then move on to the next option;
Enter a domain name here if you would like to or leave it blank if you do not have one;
Since Kali is made for technical users, it does not prompt you to create a user, rather you will be using the “root” user which will give you all permissions out of the box. Be careful as Kali expects you to know what you are doing, as the wrong command might break your system.
Set your “root” password and then continue;
Step 5: Partition the Drive
Here you may choose partition options and you may choose to enable and configure whole disk encryption or LVM (logical volume management) or customize your partitions to your own liking. For most people, the default options are probably going to be just fine. Click continue then follow the onscreen instructions to confirm the partition you have chosen.
Step 6: Finalize the Installation
Your installation has begun now, note that this will take several minutes depending on how fast your system is, so grab yourself a drink;
I recommend choosing a network mirror as this will update some files for you during your installation, now the rest of the options are pretty self-explanatory so read through them and continue along;
Your installation is now complete, click continue to restart your system and boot into your new Kali installation.
Welcome to your Desktop;
Your installation does not immediately boot up, it does require that you first key in a username and password. Use the username “root” then key in the password you set earlier during setup;
Now that you have logged into your Kali Installation, you might recognize the Gnome Desktop Environment. Do feel free to explore.