Now that you have installed Kali, its time to tweak and customize the operating system to your liking. Kali can be daunting at first as you may not have much experience with it. Fear not, the list below is just a few of the things you can install and set up to start exploring the world of penetration testing. Before long you will feel a whole new world opening up to you, let’s get started.

1. Check for Updates & Upgrades

The most important thing to do is to check for updates and upgrade the system if available. The easiest way to do so would be through the terminal with a single line of code.

apt update && apt upgrade -y

2. Install Graphics Drivers (NVIDIA)

If you have an Nvidia Graphics card you will want to install the official drivers from Nvidia as the default drivers that come installed are not as good. To install the graphics drivers first we must make sure that the operating system is fully upgraded and only then we may proceed to install the drivers we need. Enter the code below in your terminal.

apt update && apt dist-upgrade -y && reboot

apt install -y ocl-icd-libopencl1 nvidia-driver nvidia-cuda-toolkit

3. Install Media Codecs

Media codecs help you play videos and audios, most of them come install by its better to install all available codecs to avoid any potential headaches later on. Enter the code below in your terminal.

apt install libdvdnav4 libdvdread4 gstreamer1.0-plugins-bad gstreamer1.0-plugins-ugly libdvd-pkg -y

4. Install Kali Metapackages

The default Kali installation comes with a few pre-installed software packages to save space; however, that is not the complete list of what can be installed on your system. That’s where metapackages come in, it allows you to install a bundle of software that best suits what you will be doing with Kali Linux. The full list is available on their website.

You can do a search for the available metapackages by using the following “apt” command;

apt-get update && apt-cache search kali-linux

Once you have decided which bundle you would like to install; I usually go with all of them, you may continue by using the following code below;

sudo apt install kali-linux-all

Do note that it will take up a lot of space if you choose to install all the packages, so do be sure to have sufficient space on your hard drive.

5. Install Usefull Apps

If you are new to Kali Linux and need some recommendations as to which apps are amazing and you should install them. I have compiled a list of some of the apps you may want to install which I recommend are;

This app is an awesome script that routes your connection through the ‘tor’ network, useful if you would like to hide your IP address;

git clone https://github.com/susmithHCK/torghost.git
cd torghost
chmod +x install.sh
./install.sh

You can use the app by entering the following commands;

torghost start #this is to start the service
torghost stop #this is to stop the service
torghost switch #this will switch your ip address

apt install tilix

apt install hydra

sudo snap install mailspring

sudo snap install atom --classic

6. Gnome Shell Extensions

You absolutely have to look into and use GNOME EXTENSIONS as they will enhance your overall experience using Kali or any other gnome based desktop. You can tweak and enhance the capabilities of your desktop environment easily and quickly.

Check out how to install Gnome Shell Extensions here and get a list of our recommended extensions to install.

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